Hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition which causes irregular darkening of the skin. It occurs when the skin produces more melanin (pigment responsible for giving the skin its color) and can affect people of all skin types. Excessive exposure to the sun, pollution, increased hormone stimulation, and scarring due to acne or skin injury are some of the most common causes of hyperpigmentation.
Types of Hyperpigmentation
Some of the most common types of hyperpigmentation include:
- Melasma (mask of pregnancy): This type of hyperpigmentation is very common in pregnant women, and is usually caused due to the fluctuation of hormones. It causes splotchy patches on the face or arms that are irregular in shape and size.
- Sunspots (age spots or liver spots): Sunspots are caused by sun exposure. These are small, dark spots which appear mainly on the areas of the body that are exposed to the sun, such as the arms, hands, and face.
- Freckles: Freckles are the most common type of pigmentation. They look like concentrated small spots which occur due to excess sun exposure, particularly if you have a fair skin.
- Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation: This type of hyperpigmentation is a result of the skin’s natural response to conditions injuries like acne, wound, or burns.
Here are some preventive measures which can help to you reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation:
- Avoid sun exposure: Use a sunscreen with a higher SPF as it will not only protect your skin from the harmful UV rays but will also prevent hyperpigmentation from becoming prominent.
- Avoid picking at the spot: If you notice acne, scabs, or an insect bite on your skin, avoid touching or scratching. Picking at these spots can increase inflammation and maximize the risk of hyperpigmentation.
- Moisturize your skin: Use good moisturizers that contain moisturizing agents like hyaluronic acid, glycerin or retinol. This can help in lightening your dark spots while boosting the skin cell turnover.
There are various treatment options available at the best skin clinic which can reduce hyperpigmentation effectively. Some of the best pigmentation treatments include:
1. Spot Peel Treatment
Spot peel treatment is the latest breakthrough in the cosmetic world. It works against pigmentation disorders such as melasma, sun spots, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. This treatment is suitable for all skin types and helps in enhancing the tone, texture and clarity of the skin.
2. Q-Switch Laser Therapy
Q-Switch Laser therapy is an advanced technology which offers an effective treatment of freckles or unwanted brown spots. In this procedure, the energy emitted from the laser shatters tiny fragments of hyperpigmentation without damaging the surrounding areas. It is the best laser treatment for pigmentation that produces desired results.
3. Dermamelan System
The dermamelan system focuses on eliminating the discolored patches of melanin from the face, chest, hands, and neck. It works by blocking the tyrosinase enzyme which is responsible for the production of the skin-darkening melanin. This treatment is highly effective and works against all types of hyperpigmentation.
The sooner you deal with hyperpigmentation, the faster you’ll see an improvement in your condition. So follow the above-mentioned preventive measures and flaunt a younger and beautiful looking skin.