Hypertension, also known as elevated or high blood pressure, is a chronic medical condition during which the force of blood against the artery walls becomes too high. The condition can significantly increase one’s risk of various diseases related to the heart, brain, and kidneys.
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), nearly 1.13 billion people all over the world suffer from hypertension, out of which almost two-third belong to the low and middle income countries. High blood pressure is also one of the major causes of premature deaths in the world. Thus, the World Health Organisation has put down reducing the prevalence of hypertension by 25% by 2025 as one of the global targets for non-communicable diseases.
Medical experts from the pharma industry in India assert that people share an increased risk of getting high blood pressure due to various factors and variables. Fortunately, understanding the associated risk factors can make them more aware to prevent the condition.
Here are some of the major risk factors that can potentially lead to high blood pressure:
Obesity and overweight conditions are the biggest risk factors associated with hypertension. Health experts claim that the more the people weigh, the more blood flow they’ll need to supply oxygen and nutrients to the body tissues. This increases the volume of blood circulated through the blood vessels and eventually increases the pressure inside the arteries.
Excess sodium intake
Excess amount of sodium in the diet leverages the body to retain fluids and causes the arteries to constrict, both of which are recognized as major risk factors that can increase blood pressure.
Insufficient potassium intake
Potassium is a vital nutrient that helps in balancing the amount of sodium in the cells. It aids in relaxing the smooth muscle cells in the arteries that can eventually lower down the blood pressure.
Exercising is essential for healthy body functioning. It increases the blood flow in the arteries that eventually assists in the release of natural hormones and cytokines for relaxing the blood vessels. This in turn lowers down the blood pressure. On the contrary, lack of physical activity also contributes to increased body weight, another risk factor associated with hypertension.
Stress is a major risk factor associated with high blood pressure. According to the leading pharma company experts, stress triggers adverse behaviours like poor diet, smoking, and alcohol abuse that can trigger the hypertension condition.
Hypertension can also be a result of some hereditary and physical factors as it can pass from one generation to another. Furthermore, age, gender, race, etc. are some other risk factors associated with hypertension.