Most people nowadays are diet conscious, and hence they are adamant about reducing their weight. Even obese people try to maintain their body structure through constant exercise and diet plans. But regardless of this workout, it might be hard to reduce some of the fats in their body. It is during this situation that most people go for medical procedures like bariatric surgery. This surgery is available in multiple types, but the primary concept behind that is to reduce the size of the stomach. This will reduce the appetite of the person. As a result, the weight of the body will decrease gradually with time. Along with calorie restriction, this surgery will also reduce the risk factors of being obese.
Why choose bariatric surgery?
Other than bariatric procedures, there is also the option of undergoing liposuction. This technique will reduce fat only in certain parts of the body. But undergoing bariatric surgery will produce an even weight loss all over the body. Any person with a BMI greater than 30 is considered to be obese, and when the value reaches 40 the doctor’s advice will be to perform bariatric surgery. Excessive weight might result in diabetes, high pressure, oversleep, and liver malfunction.
Types of bariatric surgery
There are multiple types of bariatric procedures available, and let us take a look at them.
Gastric binding through laparoscopic
During the surgical procedure, the surgeon will place an inflatable band on the top of the stomach. The entire stomach is divided into two parts. As a result, the patient will not have excessive hunger. They will be satisfied with a small quantity of food. The passage of food will be slow. Hence the weight of the person will be reduced within the next six months. The inflatable band can be removed depending upon the requirement of the patient after a few months.
This procedure is not primarily advised to the patients since it involves removing nearly 80 percent of the stomach. As a result, only a small bag-like structure is present in place of the stomach. Since the size of the stomach is small, the amount of food consumed will also be less like children. Even if there is only 20% remaining, the stomach will perform all the necessary activities. From nutrition absorption to digestion, each activity will be completed. The production of stomach hormones will be reduced. This avoids the feeling of appetite within the child.
Roux – en-Y surgery
This is a complicated procedure that involves two different techniques. Initially, the stomach is reduced in size by stapling them. Along with that, the length of the small intestine is reduced by connecting it directly with the stomach tube. The process of digestion will be quicker, and hence it is impossible to increase the weight of the body. This is similar to bypass surgery, and it alters the bacteria present within the gut. The hormone level will also be reduced, and the procedure cannot be reversed as it might cause damage to the body.
This is also a famous bariatric surgery where nearly 50 percent of the stomach is removed. Similar to the previous technique, the stomach pouch is connected to the reduced small intestine. The only difference between the previous and current surgery is that the stomach is completely removed here instead of being stapled. The surgery cannot be reversed, and it reduces the weight of the body significantly.
Along with these techniques, there are also other ideas like liposuction, which reduces the body’s weight. But they are used for reducing the bad fat content from the body and might cause side effects.
All these procedures introduced are for the welfare of both men and women suffering from heavyweight gain. The patients can choose the weight loss surgery of their choice after consulting with their doctor. It is also necessary to follow the pre-operative procedures regularly for preparing your body. The patients can also undergo counseling to prepare their minds for the new body. Consult your family doctor initially and undergo these treatments based upon your requirements. Stop skipping your appointments and regularly visit the doctor to prepare your body. Reduce the weight and enjoy an obese-free life.