Melasma is a pigmentation disorder that is characterized by brown or grey patches on the skin. These patches usually appear on the forehead, cheeks, upper lips, and chin. Though it a harmless skin condition, it can often lead patients to low self-esteem, anxiety and depression.
Symptoms of Melasma
According to the best dermatologists in India, the occurrence of melasma is more evident in women than men. Besides, pregnant women and women with darker complexion are more susceptible to the condition.
The patches of melasma are typically symmetrical, with similar marks on both sides of the face. Apart from the face, the condition can also affect the neck and forearms. Moreover, areas of the body that are exposed to the sun are more likely to experience melasma.
Causes of Melasma
The actual cause of melasma is still unknown. Some studies claim that it may occur due to the overproduction of the pigment-producing cells i.e. melanocytes in the skin. Furthermore, people with darker complexion are more likely to experience melasma, as they have more pigment-producing cells than people with lighter complexion.
Some of the other factors that may contribute to the development of melasma are:
- Hormonal imbalance due to pregnancy, hormonal treatment, or consuming birth control pills
- Sun exposure
- Certain skin care products
- Thyroid disease
Preventive Measures for Melasma
Here are certain measures that can help prevent the occurrence of melasma:
- Sunscreen: Since sun exposure is known to be one of the major causes of melasma, you should always wear sunscreen with a higher SPF before stepping out in the sun.
- Avoid waxing: Waxing may worsen melasma and even cause inflammation. Therefore, avoid waxing near the affected areas.
- Avoid harsh skin care products: You should avoid harsh skin care products as they may irritate your skin and cause burning sensations.
Best Treatments for Melasma
- Medications: HQ or hydroquinone gel is the first medication usually prescribed by the dermatologists. Based on the results of this medicine, your dermatologist may recommend other medications such as corticosteroid, azelaic and kojio cream in order to effectively treat your condition.
- Cosmetic procedures: If medication doesn’t work, the dermatologist may suggest cosmetic procedures such as chemical peels, dermabrasion and microdermabrasion that will remove the top layer of your skin and help lighten the dark patches.
If you’re worried about your melasma, you must visit the best skin clinic near you, wherein skilled dermatologists offer the best assistance and melasma treatment to their patients.